MSCI Vs FTSE: Which is the best index provider?

An ETF’s results depend on its index. We explain the differences between the two major global index providers and why you shouldn’t mix the two.

MSCI Vs FTSE: Which is the best index provider? Brand awareness counts, and that’s as true for the stock markets of London, New York, Paris and Milan as it is for the fashion houses. When ETF managers partner up their products with an index provider, the evidence is that they choose the big name. Look at the critical developed world category. The MSCI World index utterly dominates the field: with 17 MSCI World ETFs (as of December 2018) lining up against a single FTSE Developed World ETF (not including factor or sector tilts). 

MSCI is also the go-to index provider in the emerging markets space: 12 to 1 vs FTSE for vanilla ETFs. 

It’s only once you drill down into regions and countries that other index providers such as STOXX, S&P and even FTSE play a significant role. Despite MSCI’s global dominance, there is little obvious difference between their offering and FTSE’s: both offer broadly diversified, market capitalisation-weighted indices. But the devil is in the detail and you can only flush that out with a deep-dive into the two providers’ index methodologies. 


MSCI Vs FTSE: the differences

The biggest discrepancy between the two index providers is whether they count certain countries as developed or emerging markets. For example, South Korea is classified as an emerging nation by MSCI but has been promoted to developed market status by FTSE. Therefore South Korea is included in FTSE’s developed market index but not its emerging market one, and vice versa for MSCI. Meanwhile, Poland was upgraded to developed status by FTSE on September 24 2018, whereas MSCI remains unpersuaded - leaving Poland in its emerging market league for now. 

Saudi Arabia is a different story. FTSE will include Saudi shares in its emerging market index from March 2019, while MSCI will do so from June 2019 (along with Argentina, promoted from the frontier markets after its demotion in 2009). 

The handling of Chinese shares may prove more significant in the long run. Chinese shares are divided into distinct classes that provide different exposures to Chinese firms. Historically some of these classes were available to foreign investors and some were reserved for Chinese domestic investors - specifically the A-shares. 

However, as the Chinese economy opens up, the supply of A-shares available to foreign investment institutions is increasing. This development is likely to lead to a major tilt of emerging market indices toward China, and expose investors to new Chinese investment opportunities.  

MSCI has been feeding Chinese A-shares into its emerging markets index since June 2018. Initially, they limited inclusion to 5% of the investible A-share universe by market cap. However, the move has proved popular and MSCI are now talking about increasing their A-share market cap to 20% in 2019. If they move to a 100% A-share market cap then MSCI predicts that China’s share of the entire emerging market index could move from around 30% to 40%. 

FTSE will introduce around 1,200 A-share firms to their emerging market index from June 2019. They’re aiming for 25% inclusion of the investible A-share market cap and estimate that will amount to a 5.5% share of the FTSE Emerging Market Index. Again this number is likely to increase over the forthcoming years as China's capital market regulations improve access and corporate governance.


MSCI vs FTSE: Individual country weights by index

Countries MSCI World FTSE Developed
USA 62.39% 60.24%
Japan 8.43% 9.09%
UK 6.04% 6.25%
France 3.81% 3.59%
Canada 3.33% 2.97%
China 30.04% 32.63%
South Korea 13.96% -
Taiwan 11.85% 13.49%
India 8.67% 11.14%
Brazil 7.98% 9.72%
Source: FTSE, MSCI; as of 31/10/2018
The contrast in index composition is clearer in the emerging markets because South Korea makes a big difference at this level. It’s the second largest country in the MSCI Emerging Markets Index and so its absence in the FTSE index tends to concentrate its holdings in the other major players. 

Small cap firms cause another material difference between the indices. MSCI global indices capture 85% of the investable universe by market cap and exclude the bottom 15% as small-cap firms. But FTSE global indices track 90% of market capitalisation and exclude the bottom 10% as small-cap firms. Essentially, FTSE scoops up some companies that MSCI define as small cap, which explains why FTSE indices usually contain more companies.


MSCI vs FTSE: Number of shares by index

All-World 2,787 3,211
Developed Markets 1,636 2,193
Emerging Markets 1,151 1,018
Europe 443 594
Japan 322 520
Source: FTSE, MSCI; as of 31/10/2018

Although more companies are included in the FTSE indices, their relatively small size tends to limit their impact. 


MSCI Vs FTSE: performance

The performance difference has been negligible between the MSCI World and FTSE Developed indices as you can see in this comparison between popular ETFs that track the two.  
MSCI vs. FTSE: similar performance – Developed Markets
Source: justETF Research

You can barely slip a sheet of paper between the results of Vanguard’s FTSE Developed World ETF and iShares MSCI World ETF as the differences in index composition aren’t enough to noticeably move the needle. 

But the same is not true for the emerging markets. Since launch, the Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets ETF (+ 40.72%) has outperformed the iShares ETF MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (+ 33.69%). Of course, there’s no reason to believe that FTSE’s advantage will hold over the long run. MSCI could overhaul FTSE if future results unfold in favour of its emerging market index composition. For example, if South Korea overperformed relative to other holdings in its index. 
MSCI vs. FTSE: similar performance – Emerging Markets
Quelle: justETF Research

Small deviations in index construction may make a bigger difference at the regional or country level. This is where paying close attention to different index methodologies can pay off. For example, how much small-cap exposure do you get? What mix of share classes is a China ETF exposed to? Are you tracking a total stock market index which is less likely to saddle your ETF with dealing costs due to constituent company turnover? 


What does that mean in concrete terms?

The broader your index, the more likely it is to deliver comparable results to its rivals over the medium and long-term. And you can’t get broader than a global ETF so focus on the cost of the product here rather than the finer details of index construction. For example, the cheapest MSCI World ETF currently sports a Total Expense Ratio (TER) of 0.12%. That’s significantly cheaper than the 0.18% TER of the only FTSE Developed ETF. Similarly, the cheapest MSCI Emerging Markets ETF costs 0.18%, while the FTSE Emerging Markets ETF costs 0.25%. 

The situation is reversed among All-World products that combine developed and emerging markets in a single index. The FTSE All-World ETF costs 0.25% versus 0.4% for the cheapest MSCI All-Country World ETF.

However, try to avoid mixing index providers in your portfolio at the broad market level. For example, if you combine an MSCI World ETF with a FTSE Emerging Markets ETF, then you won’t have any exposure to South Korea or Poland. Meanwhile, you’ll hold both those markets twice if you take the FTSE Developed World ETF along with an MSCI Emerging Markets ETF.


MSCI World Index vs FTSE Developed Index in detail

Sector MSCI World FTSE Developed
Number of holdings 1,636 2,193
Number of countries 23 25
Coverage (not free float-adjusted) 77% of the global equity market 80% of the global equity market
Number of available ETFs 17 ETF 1 ETF
Total Expense Ratio of ETFs (TER) 0.12% - 0.50% 0.18%
5 biggest countries USA (62.4%)
Japan (8.4%)
UK (6.0%)
France (3.8%)
Canada (3.3%)
USA (60.2%)
Japan (9.1%)
UK (6.3%)
France ( 3.6%)
Germany (3.1%)
5 biggest sectors Information Technology (18.9%)
Finance (16.5%)
Healthcare (13.1%)
Consumer Discretionary (12.4%)
Industry (11.0%)
Technology (15.4%)
Healthcare (11.3%)
Industrial Goods and Services (11.3%)
Banks (9.6%)
Retail Trade (6.6%)
5 biggest companies Apple (2.8%)
Microsoft (2.0%)
Amazon (1.7%)
Johnson & Johnson (1.0%)
JP Morgan Chase (1.0%)
Apple (2.7%)
Microsoft (2.0%)
Amazon (1.6%)
Johnson & Johnson (1.0%)
JP Morgan Chase (0.9%)
Source: MSCI World, FTSE Developed; as of 31/10/2018